Reports of the Selectment and other Officers of the Town of Concord, From March 1, 1858, to March 7, 1859. Including The Marriages, Births and Deaths in Town, in 1858. Also, The Report of the School Committee for the Year Ending in April 1, 1859

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1858, TO MARCH 7, 1859. INCLUDING The Marriages, Births and Deaths in Town, in 1858.



Table of contents

1. Selectmen's Report.


The Selectmen of the Town of Concord submit herewith their Annual Report of the
Receipts and Expenditures of the Town, for the year ending March 7, 1859.

The Selectmen are gratified to state, that with a few exceptions of not much
moment, the appropriations for the last year have been sufficient to meet the
expenditures, and that the finances of the town are in a sound and healthy
condition. The School House in District No. 6, has been completed, and for the
first time in a number of years, no extra appropriation for the building or
repairing of school houses will be necessary. It seems, however, to be the fate
of this town, to have imposed upon them burdens over and above the regular
current town charges and expenses. The County Commissioners in their wisdom,
adjudged that the public good required a better avenue of communication between
Concord and Boston; they therefore ordered that the old Concord and Cambridge
Turnpike should be made as level as the nature of the case would admit, which,
of course, involved the necessity of cutting down steep hills and filling deep
valleys; although but a small portion of this road is within the limits of this
town, yet the deepest fill and heaviest ex-pense in proportion to the length of
road, has fallen upon Concord. The whole of the road has not been completed, but
it will be finished as soon as it is practicable to work upon the same, and the
appropriation named below is deemed to be sufficient, in addition to $100
already paid.

The following sums are recommended to be raised by the town for the ensuing year:
  • Support of Schools. $3300 00
  • Payment of Town House Debt and Interest, 1840 00
  • Repairs of Highways, 1000 00
  • Support of Poor, 900 00
  • Alteration of Turnpike, as ordered by County Com's, 700 00
  • Fire Department, 350 00
  • Repairs of Bridges, 300 00
  • Town Library, 293 00
  • Improvement of Public Grounds, 100 00
  • General Expenses, 1500 00

HUDSON, J. M. SMITH, Selectmen.

March 7, 1859.


2. State of the Treasury, March 7th, 1859.


  • Of Joseph Holbrook, Collector, tax 1857,
    $2715 54
  • Commonwealth School Fund, 89 25
  • Trustees of Cuming and Beaton Funds, 90 01
  • Sundry persons, lots, grass, "380026"c., sold in Cemetery, 294 62
  • Rent of Town Hall, 210 00
  • Town, County and State Tax for 1858, 13,072 15
  • ---$16,471 57


  • Sundry orders on Treasury paid, $12568 76
  • State Tax, 770 00
  • County Tax, in part, 1050 00
  • ---$14,388 76
  • ----
  • Cash in Treasury and balance of tax of 1858, $2082 81
  • Due from J. Holbrook, tax of 1857,
    uncollected, $291 45

JOHN B. MOORE, Treasurer. March 7th, 1859.


3. Appropriations and Receipts.


  • For Support of Schools, $3300 00
  • " Payment of Town House debt and interest, 1900 00
  • " Building School House in District No. 6, 1350 00
  • " Repairs of Highways, 1000 00
  • " General Expenses, 1200 00
  • " Support of Poor, 900 00
  • " Fire Department, 350 00
  • " Altering Engine No. 2, into a suction engine, 150 00
  • " Repairs of Bridges, 200 00
  • " Town Library, 138 25
  • " Improvement of Public Grounds, 75 00
  • " State Tax, 770 00
  • " County Tax, 1355 48
  • ---$12,688 73


  • Overlay on Taxes, $383 42
  • Rent of Town Hall, 210 00
  • Commonwealth School Fund, 89 25
  • Income Cuming and Beaton Fund, 90 01
  • " Silent Poor Donations, 224 83
  • Sundry persons for lots, grass, "380026"c., in Cemetery, 294 62
  • ---$1292 13


4. Expenditures.



The money for the Support of Schools, has been expended under the direction of
the School Committee, upon a plan accepted by the Town, in 1857, and the
apportionment of the same to the several schools, will appear in their report.

  • Unexpended balance, March 1st, 1858, $186 17
  • Appropriation, 3300 00
  • Income Cuming and Beaton Donations, 90 01
  • " State School Fund, 89 25
  • ---$3665 43
  • Paid H. Chase, High School, $260 92
  • Charles Carroll. " 258 16
  • Charles A. Allen, " 509 09
  • Sarah C. Buttrick, Intermediate, 249 00
  • J. W. Stephenson, " 143 50
  • Martha D. Ball. North Primary, 200 00
  • Jane Hosmer, East do., 200 00
  • Mary H. Davis, West do., 75 00
  • Mary H. Wood, do. do., 15 00
  • Harriette Buttrick, do. do., 105 00
  • Eliza B. Snow, District No. 2, 150 00
  • Mary H. Wood, do. do., 50 00
  • M. E. Parmenter. do. No. 3, 200 50
  • Martha Farmer, do No. 4, 110 00
  • Jesse C. Richardson, proportion of school
    money belonging to Acton for yrs. 57, '58, 9 00
  • Augusta Barrett, District No. 5, 120 00
  • C. P. Gorham, do. No. 6, 114 00
  • Mary E. Melvin, do. do., 81 00
  • Martha Farmer. do. No. 7, 88 00
  • Sarah E. Reed, do. do., 108 00
  • Louisa B. Hunt, do. do., 44 00
  • Dist. No. 1, John Brown, Jr., Prudential
    Commmittee, 56 54
  • " " John Garrison, care of School rooms, 68
  • " " Proportion of fuel charged to Dist. 78 72
  • " " Wm. D. Brown, fuel, 55 67
  • Dist. No. 3, F. A. Wheeler, fuel, 21 20
  • " " 4, Sam'l Hoar, 2d, fuel, care,
    "380026"c., 33 60
  • " " Wm. D. Brown, do., 26 25



  • Dist. No. 4, Jas. P. Brown, do., 28 63
  • " 5, Prescott Barrett, fuel, 20 69
  • " 6, John Le Gross, 15 00
  • " 7, Wm. M. Holden, care, "380026"c., 9 17
  • " " Reuben Green, fuel, 17 25
  • ---$3520 89
  • ---
  • Unexpended balance, $164 54


  • Appropriation, $1900 00
  • Paid Middlesex Institution for Savings, 1900 00
  • Town House Debt, January 1, 1859, $14,000 00


  • Appropriation, $1350 00
  • Paid Building Committee, 1547 52
  • Deficiency, $197 52


  • Appropriation, $900 00
  • Paid Overseers of the Poor, 900 00


  • Unexpended balance, $71 47
  • Appropriation, 75 00
  • ---$146 47
  • Paid Samuel Staples, Superintendent, 91 60
  • ---
  • Unexpended balance, $54 87


  • Appropriation, $138 25
  • Paid E. R. Hoar, Chairman Library Committee, 138


  • Appropriation, $200 00
  • Paid Wm. D. Brown, repairs of Factory Bridge, $27 78
  • Geo. L. Prescott, timber and plank, 177 55
  • Joseph P. George, work on bridges, 67 36
  • J. Hancock Bent, timber, 16 80
  • ---$289 49
  • Deficiency, $89 49


  • Unexpended balance, $39 49
  • Income from Donations, 224 83
  • ---$264 32
  • Paid sundry persons as appear by Selectmen's book, $239 00
  • ---
  • Unexpended balance, $25 32
  • ---
  • State Tax, $770 00
  • ---
  • County Tax, $1355 48


  • Unexpended balance, $542 62
  • Appropriation, 1000 00
  • ---1542 62
  • Paid Geo. L. Prescott, District No. 1, 1857,
    $198 59
  • N. B. Stow, " " 252 35
  • J. Hancock Bent, " 2, 1857, 62 00
  • Wm. Sidney Rice, " " 87 75
  • F. A. Wheeler, " 3, 1857, 99 99
  • Wm. Wheeler, " " 134 08
  • Henry Derby, " 4, 1857, 87 99
  • Wm. D. Brown, " " 111 29
  • E. Wood, Jr., " 5, 1857, 91 09
  • Jas. D. Hosmer, " " 91 61
  • Jos. D. Brown, " 6 122 99
  • Silas Conant, " 7, 1857, 75 25
  • Jos. Derby, Jr., " " 111 70
  • Eben P. Gleason, " 8 29 73
  • Wm. Henry Adams, " " 23 75
  • ---$1580 16
  • ---
  • Deficiency, $37 54


  • Unexpended balance, $69 59
  • Appropriation, 350 00
  • Altering Engine No. 2 into suction, 150 00
  • ---$569 59
  • Paid F. E. Bigelow, Chief Engineer, $235 29
  • Hunneman "380026" Co., altering Engine No. 2, 157 25
  • Geo. L. Prescott, Chief Engineer, 182 98
  • ---$575 52
  • ---
  • Deficiency, $5 93


  • Unexpended balance, $106 75
  • Received of sundry persons, lots, grass, "380026"c., 294 62
  • ---$401 37
  • Paid John S. Keyes, Chairman Committe, (sic)
    Committee 826 19
  • ---
  • Unexpended balance, $75 18


  • Unexpended balance, $603 51
  • Appropriation, 1200 00
  • Overlay on taxes, 383 42
  • Rent of Town Hall, 210 00
  • ---$2396 93
  • Paid Geo. L. Prescott, coal, $74 50
  • John Garrison, care of school rooms, 68 00
  • " " " hall, and moving seats, 62 00
  • " " " Library room, 10 00
  • Walcott "380026" Holden, fluid, candles,
    "380026"c., 36 20
  • For oil, and express on same, 31 50
  • " altering lamps to burn oil, 57 33
  • " charcoal for stoves, 4 60
  • " sundry repairs on house, furnace and fence, 31 81
  • --$375 94
  • Deduct am't charged Dist. No. 1 for fuel, care, "380026"c., 146 72
  • ---
  • Leaves expense of Hall and rooms, $229 22
  • Paid E. Stowell "380026" Co., stove and funnel
    at Intermediate School, $28 78
  • H. H. Buttrick, repairs of plastering,
    "380026"c., 12 05
  • J. P. Brown, repairs on School House, District
    No. 4, 41 99
  • ---$82 82
  • Paid Alvan Pratt, keeping weights and
    measures, $10 00
  • Abel J. Barrett, use of house for school in
    District No. 6, 8 00
  • M. Lynch, damage by defect in highway, 25 00
  • B. Tolman. printing reports, warrants,
    "380026"c., 57 40
  • A Stacy, abatement of tax of 1853, 11 82



  • Paid A. Stacy, stationery for Town Officers,
    and books for indigent children, 10 28
  • Geo. Heywood, copies of marriages prior to
    1800, of parties from other towns, as per law of 1857, and sending same to
    different towns, 46 50
  • Cash paid postage on same, 3 20
  • Joseph Reynolds, 1 year's salary as
    Superintendent of Schools, to April, 1858, 100 00
  • Jonathan Hay, on ac't of repairs of Turnpike,
    as ordered by Commissioners, 100 00
  • E. Wild, salary as Librarian, 50 00
  • Jonas Melvin, fixing sluices in Dist. No. 1,
    20 98
  • " returning deaths, and duster for Hearse house, 3 75
  • Richard Barrett, services as Assessor, 90 00
  • " " cash paid for tax books, 3 13
  • John B. Moore, services as Assessor, 45 00
  • Geo. R. Hubbard, " " 35 00
  • Concord Artillery, Military Bounty, 375 00
  • Powder for salutes, 19th April and 4th July, 37 50
  • Francis Stowell, care of town clock, and
    repairs on same, 19 75
  • James Giles, painting sign for road, 1 00
  • Tax on land in Carlisle, and sundry small bills paid by Selectmen, 19 85
  • Geo. Heywood, services as Clerk, 20 00
  • " recording births, deaths and marriages, and returning same to the State,
    20 35
  • " cash paid express, and going to Lincoln to count votes for Rep., 3 75
  • J. Hancock Bent, relaying bridge over Mill
    Brook, 99 90
  • Daniel L. Veazie, do., sluice near Samuel Dennis', 18 50
  • E. P. Gleason, do. do., on Virginia Road, 14
  • H. Newton, entertainment of Selectmen and
    Assessors, 30 99
  • Selectmen, making report, 15 00
  • John B. Moore, services as Treasurer, 10 00
  • " " serving warrants for Town meetings, 1 50
  • N. Ball, interest on money borrowed, 30 75
  • Jos. Holbrook, abatement of taxes of 1856 and
    1857, 49 20
  • ---$1387 10
  • ---
  • Unexpended balance, $697 79

5. TABULAR STATEMENT OF Receipts and Expenditures, FROM MARCH 1ST, 1858, TO
MARCH 7TH, 1859.


  • Unexpended balance as per Treasury Report, March 1,'58, $3006 99
  • Appropriation for various objects, 12,688 73
  • Receipts from other sources, 1067 30
  • ---
  • $16,763 02


  • Support of Schools, $3520 89
  • Payment Town Debt and Interest, 1900 00
  • Building School House in Dist. No. 6, 1547 52
  • Repairs of Highways, 1580 16
  • Support of Poor, 900 00
  • Fire Department, 575 52
  • Cemetery, 326 19
  • Repairs of Bridges, 289 49
  • Town Library, 138 25
  • Improvement of Public Grounds, 91 60
  • General Expenses, 1699 14
  • State Tax, 770 00
  • County Tax, in part, 1050 00
  • ---$14,388 76
  • ---
  • Unexpended balance, $2374 26


6. EVENTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE Town Library Comittee.


The Library Committee present their Report for the year ending on the first
Monday in March. 1859.

The amount of money received by them has been as follows:
  • The balance of last year's account, $67 13
  • The town's appropriation for 1858, 138 25
  • Fines collected by Librarian in 1858, 4 90
  • ---$210 28

The amount expended has been:

  • For 119 volumes purchased, $127 30
  • For binding and covering books and stationery, 4 47
  • Leaving a balance unexpended of 78 51
  • ---$210 28

The whole number of books now belonging to the Library is 2503. The number added
the past year has been, by purchase, 119; by donation, 29. No book has been lost
during the past year, but some of those in most constant demand, have nearly
"perished in the using," and will need to be replaced by new purchases.

The number of ratable polls in Concord in the year 1858, was 586, and the
appropriation for the maintenance and increase of the Library which the Town is
allowed by law, and required by contract to make this year, is $293,00.

The number of volumes delivered from the Library during the year past has been
3157; a larger number than in any previous year.

The duties of the Librarian have been faithfully performed; the purpose of the
Committee, heretofore reported, in relation to the character of the books added
to the Library, has been steadily kept in view; and the usefulness of the
institution appears to be undi-minished.

HEYWOOD, Library Committee.

CONCORD, March 7th, 1859.


7. REPORT OF THE Superintendent of Public Grounds.


During the past year there have been set out in the different streets and grounds
about eighty trees, mostly maple; and those that died the year before have been
replaced. The trees in the Burying Grounds have been trimmed, and the grass cut,
and they are all in good order.

A contract was made for enclosing the grove in front of the Town House with a
good substantial fence with stone posts, last fall. The posts are on the ground,
but the winter set in and it was put off till spring. As soon as the ground will
admit of it, it will be completed.

The Expenditures of the last year have been as follows:
  • Paid Anthony Wright, setting trees, and
    work on ground, $28 12
  • J. Hyde "380026" Sons, trees, 25 34
  • For 154 chestnut posts, 13 86
  • For labor, lumber for tree boxes, freight on trees, "380026"c., 24 28
  • ---
  • $91 60
  • Unexpended balance, last year, $71 47
  • Appropriation, 75 00
  • ---$146 47
  • ---
  • Unexpended balance, $54 87

Respectfully submitted, SAMUEL STAPLES,

CONCORD, March 7, 1859.


8. Report of the Cemetery Committee.


The Committee having charge of Sleepy Hollow Cemetery, submit their Third Annual

In pursuance of the vote of the town adopting their recommendation, they engaged
a gardener to take charge of the Grounds last season. From a large number of
applicants, they hired Mr. James Wood, who had many
years experience in Scotland, and several in this country, for the moderate
price of $27,50 per month, and his house rent and fuel, for the eight working
months. He began April 1st, and worked faithfully and well till winter; with how
much skill and success, those who have seen the grounds can judge. The
improvement at the entrance alone, is worth the cost of the season's work, to
say nothing of the general care of the Cemetery, and the advantage of the
constant presence and charge of a superintendent at all times ready and able to
assist those wishing to improve their lots. This winter he has been employed in
grading the cut through the hill, and pruning the dead limbs from the trees, at
$1,00 for each day he worked.

The Committee earnestly hope that the Town will retain Mr.
Wood this season, as it will enable him to complete some improvements
already began, and he will be much needed by the owners of lots in taking care
of and ornamenting them. The price of his labor to those employing him on the
Cemetery, has been fixed by us at $1,25 per day, and it is thus both cheaper and
better for them to employ him.

The payments have been as follows:
  • J. Wood, 8 months' work, $217 50
  • " for 35 days work in Dec., Jan., and Feb., 35 00
  • B. McDonough, for rent of tenement, 22 50
  • Heman Newton, for horse and cart, 12 75
  • S. W. Harris, trees and shrubbery, 7 80
  • D. B. Clark, sods for the banks, 6 37
  • Moses Hobson, work on fence, 6 31
  • Bradford Heald, posts for fence, 5 00
  • A. Stacy, for flowers and plants for
    borders, 3 00
  • S. Staples, for a wheelbarrow, and selling
    grass, 7 00
  • J. Giles, for numbering stakes for lots,
    and for a rake, 2 96
  • ---
  • $326 19
  • The receipts for 16 lots paid for this year are, $244 00
  • From owners of lots for work done on them, 24 12
  • From grass sold to sundry persons, 26 50
  • ---$294 62



being an excess of expenditures over receipts of $31,57, which has been paid out
of the balance on hand last year. There remains due from purchasers of lots
$82,00, and there is an unexpended balance in the Treasury of $75.18, making, to
meet any small bills unpaid, and for the new year's work, $157,18. This sum,
with the probable demand for lots, will be sufficient, we trust, for the
expenses of the season. The number of lots sold this year is nine, for $123,00,
and the whole number to this time, eighty nine, for $1743,00. The number of
interments the past year is ten; previously ninety, making in all one hundred.

The Committee have expended the amount received by them from the
ladies' 4th of July breakfast, in 1857, as follows:
  • Lowell Fay, for posts for horses, $13 00
  • For iron seats, and freight on same from Boston, 55 66
  • Moses Hobson, for work and materials for
    summer house, 56 34
  • ---
  • Amounting in all to $125 00

which somewhat exceeds the amount raised by the breakfast and the
interest accumulated thereon. The bill for painting the house is yet due, and as
the ladies never do anything by the halves, they will have a new motive to
repeat so pleasant an occasion next Fourth of July, after omitting it last year,
when that day came on Sunday.

The Committee would recommend to the Town to sell the meadow lying north of the
Cemetery, which needs dressing over, and as the sales of the grass show, is fast
running out, if a fair price. therefor can be obtained. It ought to bring enough
to erect a neat and comfortable house for the keeper within the grounds, and
such an appropriation of its proceeds would be as agreeable to the Committee, if
the Town would see fit to make it, as it would prove useful to the Cemetery.

CHENEY, R. W. EMERSON, Committee,

CONCORD, March 7, 1859.

9. Ninth Annual Report of the Fire Department.


In compliance with the By-Laws of the Fire Department, I here-with submit to the
town a list of the Officers for the year 1858 and 1859, together with a
statement of the condition of the property belonging to the town. There have
been five alarms of fire during the past year, but the services of the engines
were not needed, excepting at the burning of a dry house at Warner's pail factory, the 3d of May, 1858.

The Department is organized as follows:
  • GEORGE L. PRESCOTT, Chief Engineer;
    Assistant Engineers.
  • Fountain, No.1. MOSES HOBSON,
    Foreman; FRANCIS STOWELL, Assistant Foreman,
    CHARLES BOWERS, Clerk. 30 Members.
  • Factory Boy,No. 2. SAMUEL LEES,
    Foreman; WM. D. BROWN, Assistant Foreman and
    Clerk. 25 Members.
  • Independence, No. 3. EDWARD
    Assistant Foreman; JOHN F. WINCH, Clerk. 45

Engine No. 1, is in good order--has 300 feet leading hose, and 35 feet suction

During the past year, the Engine at the Factory Village has been altered into a
suction, (as per vote of the town). It has also been thoroughly repaired and
painted, and it is now in good condition.

No. 3, is in good order--has 825 feet leading hose, and 36 feet suction hose.

The Receipts and Expenses for the past year have been as follows:
  • Unexpended balance of last year, $69 59
  • Appropriation, 350 00
  • " for altering No. 2, 150 00
  • ---$569 59



  • Paid for oil suits, $4 53
  • for work on hose, 50
  • H. Newton, for horse, 1 00
  • Charles D. Tuttle, for do., 1 00
  • G. W. Todd, for horses, 3 00
  • N. H. Warren, for do., 3 00
  • for keys, 83
  • C. "380026". E. Stowell's bill, 1 80
  • Thomas Skinner's do., 7 92
  • for alcohol, 75
  • for cleaning harnesses, 2 00
  • H. C. Watts, care of engine, and packing,
    11 18
  • Walcott "380026" Holden's bill, 1 53
  • ---$39 04
  • Paid for altering engine, $157 25
  • for freight on engine 1 95
  • A. Adams, express, 25
  • Spanners, 87
  • W. D. Brown, oiling hose, 75
  • Julius M. Smith, painting engine, 22 50
  • Thomas Skinner, repairing hose, 4 00
  • ---$187 57
  • Paid for repairing hose, $4 50
  • Oil pants, 3 00
  • Hogshead, and sinking under No. 3's house, 4 75
  • Packing, 6 00
  • Locks, keys, "380026"c., 5 10
  • Moses Hobson, fixing lock, 80
  • A. Adams, express, 25
  • Repairing gate, 1 25
  • Spanners, "380026"c., 2 63
  • C. "380026" E. Stowell's bill, 3 75
  • Thomas Skinner, oil, repairing hose,
    "380026"c., 12 45
  • J. M. Smith, alcohol, 1 20
  • G. W. Todd, for horses, 18 00
  • " " oiling harnesses, 3 00
  • Charles E. Snell, care of engine, 16 00
  • For fluid, "380026"c., 2 64
  • ---$85 32
  • Paid for 1 doz. lanterns and marking, $14 93
  • Adams' bill of 1857, 2 00
  • H. Newton, refreshments, 10 00
  • Walcott "380026" Holden's bill of 1857, 1
  • [3] ---$28 30


  • Summary, General Expenses, $28 30
  • Expense of Fountain, No. 1, 39 04
  • " Factory Boy, No. 2, 187 57
  • " Independence, No. 3, 85 32
  • Pay of Engine Co. No 1. to May 1st, 1858, 95 33
  • " " " " 3, " " " 109 96
  • F. E. Bigelow, Chief Engineer, 30 00
  • ---
  • $575 52
  • Deficiency, 5 93

Respectfully submitted,

GEORGE L. PRESCOTT, Chief Engineer.

CONCORD, March 7, 1859.

10. Report of the Overseers of the Poor.


  • By order on Treasury, $900 00


  • Paid Joseph Dakin, amount due him as per
    last report, $140 24
  • Joseph Dakin, salary in part, 429 00
  • For school books, 82
  • Jonas Melvin, burial fees for Tilly Buttrick, 3 25
  • Dr. Barrett's bill for Tilly Buttrick, 10 00
  • " " " David Flint, 10 00
  • ---$593 31


  • Paid Town of Waltham, for support of Joseph
    Hayward's children, $68 25
  • Mrs. Hayward, support of children to April
    1st. 8 33
  • Eliza H. Gilson, support of Mrs. Bailey, 26 00
  • City of Lynn, support of Elsey Hook, 26 00
  • J. Adams, coffins for P.
    Hutchinson's daughter and child, 6 00
  • Wood and groceries, Mrs. Mullett, 7 12
  • Mrs. Conant, nursing Mrs.
    Brown, 5 00
  • City of Cambridge, support of Mrs.
    Batchelder, 18 49
  • City of Boston, support of Martha
    Fletcher, 24 25
  • Town of Provincetown, support of Haynes'
    child, 51 76
  • J. Reynolds, 2 journeys and expense to
    Boston, 4 75
  • " 3 " " " Waltham, 4 00
  • " 1 " " " Cambridge, 2 00
  • " 2 " " " Tewksbury, 7 00
  • " 1 " " " Marlboro', 3 00
  • " 1 " " " Lowell, 3 00
  • " 1 " " " Lawrence, 4 50



  • Paid J. Hancock Bent, journey to Sudbury
    and Lexington, 3 00
  • Walcott "380026" Holden, for groceries, 1
  • Stationery and postage, 1 25
  • Aid rendered sundry persons, 7 49
  • City of Lowell, support of Mrs. Howe, and
    three children, to April 1st, 24 00
  • --$306 69
  • ----
  • 900 00
  • There will be due Mr. Dakin, April 1st,
    1859, 71 00
  • ---
  • $971 00
  • From which deduct balance paid Superintendent due him as per last
    report, $140 24
  • ----
  • We have the cost of supporting Poor for the year, $830 76

The cost of supporting poor out of town has been unavoidably in-creased the past
year, and the probability is that it will be so the current year,--still it is
cheaper than they can be supported at the Farm.

It will be necessary to make some repairs on the Farm House to make it decent and
comfortable. We therefore recommend that the town raise one thousand dollars,
which we think will be necessary to cover the expense for the ensuing year.

Respectfully submitted,

BENT, CYRUS PIERCE, Overseers of the

March 7, 1859.

11. Marriages, Births and Deaths, IN CONCORD, IN 1858.


The following statement exhibits every material fact in regard to the Marriages,
Births and Deaths, which have occurred in the Town, and have been registered
during the year 1858.

MARRIAGES.--Whole number, 13. Of the parties, 15 were inhabitants of Concord, and
11 of other places; 8 were born in Concord, 6 in Massachusetts, and 12 in other
places. Of the males, 10 were first marriages, and 3 second marriages. Of the
females, 10 were first marriages, and 3 second marriages. The marriages have
been less frequent than in former years, a melancholy fact, but nevertheless
true; and it is to be hoped that a steady increase will be maintained in future.

BIRTHS.--Whole number, 41. Males 16, females 25. Of these, 21 were born of Irish
parents, being more than of half the whole number. Still born, 2; illegitimate,
1. The whole number of births in the year 1857, was 64, being 23 more than in

DEATHS.--Whole number, 28. Males 11, females, 17. Of the males, 5 were married, 4
unmarried, and 2 were widowers. Of the females, 5 were married, 11 were
unmarried, and 1 widow.

Of these 28 persons, 13 were born in Concord, 8 in other towns in the State, and
7 in other places.

Of the males over 15 years of age, 2 were farmers, 1 a clergyman, 1 a carpenter,
1 a hotel keeper, 1 a shoemaker, 1 a blacksmith, and 1 a laborer.

" Deaths between 90 and 100 years of age --males, 0 --females, 0
" " 80 " 90 " " " 1 " 2
" " 70 " 80 " " " 1 " 0
" " 60 " 70 " " " 1 " 1
" " 50 " 60 " " " 3 " 0
" " 40 " 50 " " " 1 " 1
" " 30 " 40 " " " 0 " 2
" " 20 " 30 " " " 0 " 4
" " 10 " 20 " " " 1 " 0
" " 5 " 10 " " " 1 " 0
" " 1 " 5 " " " 0 " 2
" under 1 year, 2 " 5

Average length of life, 32 1-3 years.



Deaths by Consumption, 7 Deaths by Typhoid fever, 1
" " Old age. 3 " " Infleunza, 1
" " Dropsy, 2 " " Congestion of lungs, 1
" " Childbirth, 2 " " " brain, 1
" " Lung Fever, 2 " " Cholera morbus, 1
" " Cholera infantum, 4 " " Scarlet fever, 1
" " Accident, 1 " " Infantile, 1
The names and ages of the persons who died in 1858, are as follows, viz:
Henry D. Kent, 2 m. Isabella Odell, 24 yrs.
Patty Brown, 88 yrs., 6 m. Margaret Logan, 47 yrs.
(Not named) Hutchinson, 4 m. Asa Melvin, 53 yrs.
Wm. H. Wadley, 17 yrs. Thomas D. Wesson, 73 yrs.
Mary H. Hutchinson. 21 yrs. Hannah Shattuck, 62
Elizabeth S. Alcott, 23 yrs. Anna Maria Barrett, 1 yr., 3
Dorcas Barrett, 89 yrs. Abby J. King, 24 yrs.
James E. Brown, 1 m. Mary Ann Deignan, 6 m.
James O'Gorman, 40 yrs. Frederick Barrett, 5 yrs.
Clara G. Giles, 1 yr, 7 m. Eliza Kendall, 38 yrs.
Elisha Tolman, 87 yrs., 4 m. Sarah Barrett, 33 yrs.
Thomas Gleason, 67 yrs. Barzillai Frost, 54
Daniel Haynes, 51 yrs. Bridget Welch, 4 m.
Mary C. Stow, 8 m. Ellen Welch. 4 m., 3 d.

According to the United States Census for 1850, the deaths in 1858, were as 1 to
every 80 1-3. The average of deaths for the last ten years in Concord, is 35;
which is 7 more than the number in 1858. This is a fact worthy of mention, since
so much has been said of late about the unhealthiness of Concord; showing as it
does the contrary, that it is one of the most healthy towns in the Commonwealth.

GEO. HEYWOOD, Town Clerk.

Concord, March 7th, 1859.

12. Town Officers, for 1859, '60.





School Committee,--MINOT PRATT, 1859; JOSEPH REYNOLDS, 1860; WILLIAM D.
BROWN, 1861.

Treasurer,--JOHN B. MOORE.


Collector of Taxes,--DANIEL B. CLARK.


Library Committee, E. R. HOAR, R.

Surveyors of Highways,--
Dist. No. 1, NATHAN B. STOW, Dist. No. 5, ELIJAH WOOD,
" 2, WM. SIDNEY RICE, " " 6, JOSEPH D.
" 4, JAMES P. BROWN, " " 8, WM. HENRY



Measurers of Wood and Bark,-- JAMES ADAMS, N. W. BROOKS, WILLIAM D.





Superintendent of Public Grounds,--SAMUEL STAPLES.

Sealer of Weights and Measures,--ALVAN PRATT.

Pound Keeper,--JOSEPH DAKIN.

Engineers of Fire Department,--(Appointed by Selectmen.) GEORGE

Auctioneer,--(Appointed by Selectmen.) SAMUEL

Weigher,--(Appointed by Selectmen.) GEORGE L.

Liquor Agent,--(Appointed by Selectmen.) DR. J.

Sexton,--(Appointed by Selectmen.) JONAS MELVIN.

13. REPORT OF THE School Committee of Concord, FOR THE YEAR ENDING APRIL 1, 1859


The Statutes of the Commonwealth require that the School Committee should make an
annual report of the condition of the several schools, together with such
remarks and suggestions as they may deem proper.

In obedience to the Statutes, your Committee present the follow-ing report,
together with a few preliminary remarks.

The importance of education is admitted by all. The means of education are
provided for all. There is no other object for which the people tax themselves
so freely. The rich and the poor, those who have children, and those who have
none, contribute equally and liberally to sustain our schools. We boast of our
free schools as the glory of New England. A formidable array of machinery, in
the shape of Boards of Education, Normal Schools, Teachers' Institutes and
Associations, Superintending and Prudential Committees, Books, Periodicals and
Reports, are provided by law for their management and improvement. And the
legislature spends annually much time and labor in altering and attempting to
improve the laws relating to education. And in addition to all that is done by
the government, a legion of philanthropic individuals, authors, publishers and
agents, devote their time and labor to the manufacture and sale of school books.
The press groans under its labor. The rail cars are loaded with school books.
Every new issue is better than the past. School Committees are constantly
employed in examining into the compara-tive merits of new books, and no sooner
have they completed a set of books for a school, than a new set is thrust into
their hands, and they



are told that unless they adopt them, their schools will not keep up with the
progress of the age.

Now with all this expense of time, money and brains, our schools ought to be
perfect. They are so in theory. But what are they in fact? Do parents and pupils
appreciate the privileges provided for them at so much cost and labor? Are we
warranted in answering this question in the affirmative, by the prompt and
punctual attendance of the pupils? Were each child to receive a few pennies for
every days attendance, would not the attendance be much more punctual than at
present? And yet does not each child receive for each day's attendance that
which is of more value than many pence? Still in too many instances, children
are permitted to absent themselves from school for very trivial reasons. If a
child is wanted to do an errand to a neighbor, it is considered a sufficient
excuse for absence. If a class is put into a new study, some child does not wish
to engage in it, and he is allowed to stay from school altogether.

Some new book is put into a class, and a parent will wait two or three weeks
before providing the book, and the child is permitted to be absent during that
time, and the class commences the study, and goes over the elementary portion,
and when the new book is at length provided, the child enters the class under
great disadvantage, or perhaps is not allowed to enter it at all, because he is
not prepared to go on with it, and then the parent is offended and keeps the
child at home the reminder of the term. Or a parent wishes a child to pursue
some particular study which no class in school is pursuing at the time, and
because he is not allowed to, he is taken from school, as though that were the
only study to be pursued.

Again, if an opportunity occurs for a boy to earn a few cents a day, he is kept
out of school for days or weeks, and that perhaps in the winter, when a male
teacher has been employed at extra expense, to teach the large boys. Various
instances of this kind are constantly occurring in most of our schools, which
carry to the minds of your Committee the painful conviction that the advantages
provided by the town and the state, are not appreciated at their proper value.

Absenteeism and tardiness are among the great evils with which our schools have
to contend. Although these evils exist to the greatest extent, among those who
most need the advantages of our free schools, they are by no means confined to
them. Some intelligent parents who are well aware of the importance of
education, are not sufficiently careful of this matter.


Some parents and some scholars deserve high commendation in this respect. Quite a
number of instances have occurred, in which a scholar has been neither absent
nor tardy during the year. These scholars almost uniformly stand at the head of
their classes, and in all respects are the model scholars in the school to which
they belong.

Such scholars never complain of their teachers, and never object to engage in
every study that may be thought proper for them. But they are sadly interrupted
by the absent and the tardy, as they are often compelled to wait till these can
make up the time which has been lost. Were all the pupils as prompt and punctual
as some bright-eyed boys and girls that we might name, our schools would present
an appearance widely different from that which they now present.

Another reason why our schools are not as perfect as our theory supposes, is,
that many of our teachers have not reached that standard of perfection which our
theory requires ; and so long as sisters and daughters, neices and nephews are
selected for teachers, this can hardly be expected. This is one of the
difficulties with which Committees frequently have to contend. When some family
connection is selected by the Prudential Committee, if he or she is not approved
by the Superintending Committee, it is apt to cause a difficulty between the
Committees. The Prudential Committee and his friends in the District, will watch
with eagle eyes for any failing in the person who may teach the school, and will
rarely be satisfied. And the result is, that the school is seriously injured. It
often becomes a question of expediency with the committee, whether under such
circumstances a teacher shall be approved or rejected.

We are happy to know that several young ladies from this town are fitting
themselves for teachers in a Normal School. We hope the time is not far distant,
when all our teachers shall have pursued a course of studies designed to fit
them to teach. Then we may expect more system and more thoroughness in the
course of instruction. Without well qualified teachers, all other means to
improve the condition of our schools, will be of little avail.

The qualifications of our teachers, the past year, have been fully up to the
standard of former years. Two of our best qualified teachers were induced by the
offer of higher wages to become teachers in the schools in Boston. It was with
much regret that we parted with them. The only consolation in the case is that
our loss is their gain.


Good teachers are always liable to be taken from us by those who can afford to
pay a higher price.

Another reason why our schools do not accomplish all which our theory supposes,
is the want of apparatus necessary for thorough instruction. Much success can
not be expected in teaching Chemistry of Natural Philosophy, without suitable
apparatus. Of this our High School is wholly deficient. These branches of
education are highly important, and should be pursued much more extensively than
they have been hitherto in our school. Geology and Botany should also receive
much more attention. But we have no preparations or specimens to assist the
teacher to illustrate these sciences, and render them interesting to the pupils.
It would be as wise to attempt to teach arithmetic without slates or
black-boards, as to attempt to teach such sciences without suitable apparatus
and preparations. The time spent on these studies, under such circumstances, is
but little better than wasted. Geography cannot be taught without maps. But we
have three fine school-rooms without a single map of any sort, and some others
with maps but little better than useless. Your committee has repeatedly urged
the Prudential Committees and parents in these districts, to procure maps for
their school houses, but hitherto without success, and we earnestly recommend
that the sums necessary to procure maps for each District needing them, be drawn
from the town treasury. And we do this the more readily as the money
appropriated to some of these Districts, the past two years, has not all been
expended. The maps in some of the schools have been paid for by the town. Others
have been paid for by subscription in the Districts. We think they are a
necessary part of the furniture of every school room, and that they should be
furnished by the town, as much as tables, desks and black-boards. It is a
discredit to the town that any school-house should be found without them. To
provide elegant school-houses, and pay teachers high wages, and then withhold
the apparatus necessary for the proper illustration of the studies pursued, is a
penny wise and pound foolish policy. The Committee consider it their duty to
call the attention of their fellow citizens to this subject, and hope it will
receive the serious attention which its importance deserves.

The law recently enacted greatly increases the labors and responsibilities of the
Committee, by making it their duty to select and contract with the teachers in
the several districts. They trust that in the discharge of this difficult and
delicate duty, they shall have the assist-


ance and support of the Prudential Committee and parents in all the districts. As
we are all seeking the same object, the best good of the children in our
schools, we trust that we shall all act together with entire harmony, and thus,
with the greater certainty, attain our common purpose.

The visits of the Committee to the several schools, have always been
respectfully received, and they have found the teachers uniformly disposed to
listen to such suggestions as they have made. They have found parents generally
interested in the education of their children, and at the several examinations,
have been gratified to see so many of them present. They are also pleased to
notice by the Registers, that so many of the parents and friends of the pupils,
have visited the several schools at other times. This is as it should be, and
gratifies and encourages both teachers and pupils.

  • The amount of money raised by the town for the support of Schools, was
    $3300 00
  • Income of Beaton and Cuming's Fund, 90 01
  • State School Fund, 89 50
  • ----
  • $3479,51

This has been found amply sufficient for the wants of the schools.

We now proceed to speak of the condition of the several schools.


The Summer term was taught by Mr. Charles Carroll, a
gentleman of fine talents and large acquirements. He had a happy faculty of
imparting knowledge, and poured it forth to his classes, as from an overflowing
fountain. Those who were disposed to receive instruction, made great
improvement. Perhaps he had not as much patience with dull scholars, as is
sometimes desirable. He could not easily conceive that any head could be so hard
that the continued shower of instruction which he poured upon it, could not
penetrate it.

He secured the entire confidence of the Committee, and it was with great regret
that were obliged to yield his services to the superior claims of the city. We
could not attempt to compete with Boston, in the price offered. The school was
small during the summer. The examination was highly satisfactory.

Mr. Charles A. Allen succeeded him, at the
commencement of the fall term. Mr. Allen is young,
and without experience, and has many things yet to learn. But he is a gentleman
of good talents, and much


promise. He has applied himself faithfully to his work, and devoted his whole
time and energy to the improvement of his pupils, and they are making very
satisfactory progress under his tuition. As a number of young men enter this
school at the commencement of the winter, and need instruction in the elementary
branches, and as several scholars during the year, wish to pursue only certain
branches of study, it is difficult to make the course of instruction as
systematic as could be desired. Yet the school is creditable to the town, and in
it, a large number of our youth acquire an education that fits them well for the
active business of life. We have already alluded to the fact that this school is
entirely deficient in Chemical and Philisophical Apparatus, and in Geological
and Botanical Specimens. The school needs a set of globes, mathematical
instruments, an electrical machine, and other chemical apparatus and materiel,
philosophical instruments and plates, the means of illustrating the position and
movements of the heavenly bodies, Geological specimens, and Botanical
preparations. A steady advance is making in this and kindred studies, and at the
present day, no one can be considered well educated, who has not at least an
elementary knowledge of these and other physical sciences. Your Committee hope
the day is not distant, when the town will add to is liberality in providing
substantial and beautiful school houses, an abundant supply of all the apparatus
needed for the instruction of our youth.


Miss Sarah C. Buttrick continued to instruct this
school, during the spring and summer terms. The number of scholars was 39. The
average attendance was a fraction more than 26, making the average absence about
33 per cent. Some were absent much more than a third part of the time. No good
progress can of course be expected of scholars who are absent from one-third to
one-half of the time, and such absence adds much to the labor of the teacher.
Those who attended punctually made very commendable progress, and did credit to
themselves and teacher. Miss Buttrick labored long
and faithfully for their good, and her pupils parted with her, at the close of
the term, with much regret.

The winter term was taught by Mr. James A.
Stephenson, a practical, thorough teacher. The whole number during
the winter, was 43, several of them young men grown. Mr.
Stephenson has given his pupils a thorough drill, in the elements
of Arithmetic and Gram-


mar. The effects were obvious at the examination. He was entirely successful in
the government of the school, and the Committee do not hesitate to say that the
school is in a better state than they have ever known it before. As this school
is generally filled up in the winter by large boys, who do not attend school in
the spring and summer, the Committee last autumn, advised the employment of a
male teacher for the winter term, as an experiment. Although a frequent change
of teachers is to be deprecated, yet the Committee is satisfied that the school
has done better during the past winter under the instruction of Mr. Stephenson, than it would have done under any female
teacher, unless she had a peculiar fitness for the management of such a class of


Mrs. Ball withdrew from this school at the close of
the fall term. She will long be remembered as the model teacher, by the children
who received their early training at her hands. She was gentle, kind and
affectionate, and yet when occasion required, she was firm and unyielding, and
if the good of the child demanded it, severe. She never failed to subdue a
refractory child, and to make it love her, and love to go to her school. She
sympathised with her little pupils, in all their difficulties and troubles, and
when accidents and trials occured, they flew to her arms, with the most entire
confidence, as to an affectionate mother, and made known all their griefs. She
took faithful care of their persons, and parents felt that they were safe under
her protection. She labored diligently to improve their minds and manners, and
it was a sad day to both parents and children, when she left them.

Miss Mary H. Davis has occupied her place since the
first of December. It is not easy to fill it. But Miss
Davis has labored faithfully, and with gratifying success. The last
examination was highly satisfactory to the Committee, and to the large number of
parents and friends who were present.


This large primary school has been under the charge of Miss Harriet Buttrick, during the year. She has succeeded well in its

This school requires no small share of energy and preservance. Miss Buttrick has both these qualifications. The progress of her
little pupils has been very satisfactory. Her first class embraces a large
number of bright and promising scholars.



Miss Jane Hosmer has continued to teach this school
during the year. The present condition of the school indicates her fidelity and
good success. Her patience has been occasionally tried by the unreasonableness
of parents who unjustly imagined that measures which she adopted for the good of
their children, were dictated by partiality or dislike. Ignorance and
unreasonableness not unfrequently defeat the best efforts and intentions of


This District has also been called to suffer a great loss in the removal of Miss
Snow, to one of the Boston schools. She was a very efficient and earnest
teacher. She taught during the spring term.

Miss Mary H. Wood succeeded her, and has given entire
satisfaction. She is a fine scholar, and is diligent in her efforts to promote
the mental and moral improvement of her pupils.


This school was taught by Miss Parmenter, with her
usual success, until the close of the fall term. She carried with her the
affectionate rememberance of the entire District, and the highest regards of the
Committee. We have always found her faithful, efficient, kind and motherly to
the little ones, and full of resources and expedients to interest her pupils,
and lead them along pleasantly in the paths of knowledge. She was followed by
Miss Lee, during the winter term, who was given
entire satisfaction to the District.-- Much improvement in penmanship was
exhibited, and a decided taste for drawing was evinced by several scholars. The
reading and speaking were distinct and audible. The examination was highly


This is the largest school out of the centre of the town. At the commencement of
the year it was in a backward state. The attendance has been very irregular for
several years, and a number of boys connected with it, have exerted an influence
not favorable to its reputation. Many of the larger boys have been in the habit
of leaving the school previous to the close of the term, and absenting
themselves from the examination, and their parents have justified them in this
wrong practice, so that the examinations have not always done justice to the
teacher or to the school. If the parents in the Dis-


trict regard the reputation of the school, they should correct this practice.
Miss Martha Farmer took charge of this school at the
beginning of the year, and has continued to instruct it to the present time.
With one exception the scholars have readily submitted to her government, and
conducted themselves with propriety. Miss Farmer's
dignified and impartial manner has enabled her to control the school with ease
to herself, and with great advantage to her scholars. The improvement has been
quite respectable, and in several instances highly creditable. The examination
was very satisfactory.


This school is small. The whole number of scholars have been but 24, and the
attendance has been quite irregular. It has been under the charge of Miss
Augusta Barrett. She has had several years'
experience as a teacher in another state, and our expectations from this
circumstance, and from examination, were somewhat highly raised. There are some
bright and intelligent children in this school, who promise to become fine
scholars. Miss Barrett's classes in Arithmetic and
Geography appeared remarkably well. The examination in Grammar, and in Reading
and Spelling, was not as satisfactory. One young man, who was formerly a member
of the High School, is making good progress in Algebra. The examination was
enlivened by some very good speaking.


In this district, a beautiful school room has been completed, and furnished. It
was not ready for occupancy, until a few weeks after the usual time of
commencing the summer term. The attendance during the term was small and
irregular. It was taught by Miss Melvin, who is
young and inexperienced. At until a recent period, she had been a member of that
school herself, the children were familiar with her, and were not, on that
account so ready to submit to her control, as they would have been to that of a
stranger, and an older person. The results were not very satisfactory. Miss Melvin is a good scholar, and under other
circumstances your Committee have no doubt, would have been much more
successful. As it is, it affords another proof of the impropriety of young
teachers commencing their avocation in the district in which they belong, and
among scholars with whom they have attended school.



The winter term was taught by Miss Sarah P. Bean. She
has had considerable experience, and under her tuition, the school has made
considerable advancement. The number of pupils has been much larger. Several of
them were young men, who have evinced an earnest desire to acquire an education
that may fit them for the business of life. and for a respectable position in
society. We are always gratified when young men among our foreign population,
are disposed to avail themselves of the advantages which our free schools afford
them. We feel confident that such young men will become useful and respectable
members of the community. The examination indicated a good degree of industry on
the part of both teacher and scholars. But the pupils did not exhibit that
promptness in answering questions, nor that thorough understanding of the
subjects studied, that we have sometimes witnessed in this school.


This is the smallest school in town. The average attendance has been but 11. The
cost of instruction to these children has been nearly $20, each. Several of the
parents have not seemed disposed to avail themselves of the advantages furnished
them, at so great expense to the town. The attendance has been so irregular,
that no teacher could accomplish much, however great her efforts. The summer
term was taught by Miss Reed. She exerted herself
with much patience and perseverance for their good.

The winter term was commenced by Miss Louisa Hunt.
After several weeks, she resigned her charge, and her place was taken by Miss
Caroline Hosmer. She was very successful in
developing the mental activity of her pupils. The examination afforded much
gratification to the Committee.

The members of the Committee have labored with entire harmony, through the year,
to promote the improvement of the schools, and they trust, not without some

All which is respectfully submitted.



NAMES OF TEACHERS. No. of School. Whole No SUMMER. WINTER. Average Attendance. SUMMER. WINTER. Whole No. of Scholars. No. between 5 and 15. No. over 15. No. under 5. Wages per Month. SUMMER. WINTER.
Charles Carroll, Charles A. Allen High. 37 33 29 27 37 0 20 17 $800 per year.
Sarah C Buttrick, J.W. Stephenson, Inter. 39 43 26 34 1-2 43 39 4 0 $24 $42
Mrs. M.D. Ball, Mary H. Davis, N.C. 48 51 35 38 51 36 0 15 20 20
Harriet Buttrick, W.C. 60 65 40 43 63 49 0 14 20 20
Jane Hosmer, E.C. 67 53 47 42 67 50 0 17 20 20
Eliza B. Snow, Mary H. Wood, No. 2 26 18 17 3-5 15 4-5 26 20 0 4 20 20
E. Parmenter. Mary Lee, No. 3 18 25 15 19 8-11 25 18 2 0 21 21
Martha Farmer, No. 4 36 42 26 30.5 42 35 7 0 20 24
Augusta Barrett, No. 5 24 24 17 1-3 17 3-4 24 18 4 2 20 20
M.E. Melvin, Sarah P. Bean, No. 6 20 28 13 5-8 23 1-2 28 22 5 1 18 24
S.E. Reed, Louisa Hunt, Caroline
No. 7 15 16 9 1-5 12 3-4 16 14 2 0 18 20

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