Reports of the Selectment, and other Officers of the Town of Concord, From March 5, 1860, to March 4, 1861


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REPORTS OF THE SELECTMEN AND OTHER OFFICERS OF THE TOWN OF CONCORD, FROM MARCH 5, 1860, TO MARCH 4, 1861. INCLUDING The Marriages, Births and Deaths in Town in 1860. ALSO, THE REPORT OF THE SCHOOL COMMITTEE FOR THE YEAR ENDING APRIL 1, 1861. CONCORD: PRINTED BY BENJAMIN TOLMAN. 1861.

1. State of the Treasury.

RECEIPTS.

  • Balance in the Treasury, March 5, 1860, $4908 21
  • Commonwealth, Military Bounty 1859, 345 00
  • " " " 1860, 267 00
  • " School Fund, 1860, 89 59
  • Cumming and Beaton Fund, 94 00
  • Selectmen, rent of Town Hall, 261 50
  • Town Clerk, license on dogs, 26 10
  • License of Menagerie, 10 00
  • Town, County and State tax and overlay, 10,962 00
  • ---$16,963 40

PAYMENTS.

  • Sundry orders on Treasury paid, $13,073 31
  • County Tax, 1859, 1475 97
  • " " 1860, in part, 566 33
  • State Tax, 1860, 535 00
  • ---$15,650 61
  • Balance, $1312 79

JULIUS M. SMITH, Treasurer. March 4th, 1861.

March 4th, 1861.


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2. Selectmen's Report.

The Selectmen of the Town of Concord submit herewith their annual report of the receipts and expenditures of the town for the year ending March 4, 1861.

The town has been put to unusual expense this year for the repairs of its roads and bridges.

The new road to Bedford sunk in some places to the depth of twelve feet, and it cost nearly one thousand dollars to fill up and grade it so as to make it safe for travel. It is believed to be secure now against further sinking.

Two of the bridges--at Damon's factory and the powder mill--were found to be very much decayed, and have been very nearly re-built. The best of lumber has been used in the repairs, and the bridges are all in good order, and it is not probable that any appropriation beyond the usual one for ordinary repairs will be necessary for some years to come. The expense has exceeded the appropriation about two hundred dollars.

Engine No. 1 has also received a thorough repair, in accordance with the vote of the town, at an expense of two hundred dollars.

The Chief Engineer of the Fire Department reports the hose of Engine No. 2 as being in very bad condition, and recommends the purchase of new hose, at a cost of not more than two hundred dollars. We accordingly recommend an appropriation of that sum for that purpose.

The following sums are recommended to be raised by the town for the ensuing year:

  • Support of Schools, $3,300 00
  • Payment of Town House debt and interest, 1,720 00
  • Repairs of Highways, 1,000 00
  • Support of Poor, 1,000 00
  • Fire Department, 400 00
  • Repairs of Bridges, 300 00
  • Town Library, 280 00
  • Improvement of Public Grounds, 100 00
  • General Expenses, 1,500 00

The following statement of receipts and expenditures of the town for the year ending March 4, 1861, is herewith submitted.

EPHRAIM W. BULL, Selectmen BARZILLAI N. HUDSON, of JULIUS M. SMITH, Concord.

CONCORD, March 4, 1861.


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3.

Appropriations and Receipts.

APPROPRIATIONS.
  • For Support of Schools, $3300 00
  • Payment of Town House debt and interest, 1780 00
  • Support of Poor, 1000 00
  • Repairs of Highways, 1000 00
  • Repairs of Bridges, 700 00
  • Fire Department, 350 00
  • Town Library, 287 00
  • Improvement of Public Grounds, 50 00
  • County Tax, 1566 33
  • State Stax, 535 00
  • ---$10,568 33

RECEIPTS FROM OTHER SOURCES.
  • Overlay on taxes, $393 67
  • Rent of Town Hall, 261 50
  • Commonwealth, School Fund, 89 50
  • " Military Bounty, 267 00
  • Income Cuming and Beaton Funds, 94 00
  • " Silent Poor Donations, 253 83
  • Town Clerk, license of dogs, 26 10
  • " " " menagerie, 10 00
  • ---$1395 69

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4. Expenditures.

  • Support of Schools, $3300 00
  • Income Cumming and Beaton Fund, 94 00
  • " State School Fund, 89 59
  • ---$3,483 59
  • Paid orders of School Committee, 3317 89
  • John Garrison, care of School rooms, 77 00
  • Proportion of fuel charged to District, 88 70
  • ---$3483 59

PAYMENT OF TOWN HOUSE DEBT AND INTEREST.
  • Appropriation, $1780 00
  • Paid Middlesex Institution for Savings, $1780 00

SUPPORT OF POOR.
  • Appropriation, $1000 00
  • Paid Jabez Raynolds, Chairman Overseers of Poor, 1000 00
  • REPAIRS OF HIGHWAYS.
  • Appropriation, $1000 00
  • Paid N. B. Stow, District No. 1, $289 06
  • J. B. Moore, " No. 2, 100 00
  • Gardner Wheeler," No. 3, 136 43
  • Cyrus Hosmer, " No. 4, 91 75
  • E. Wood, Jr., " No. 5, 99 75
  • J. D. Brown, " No. 6, 107 11
  • Silas Conant, " No. 7, 125 10
  • Thos. M. Balcom," No. 8, 65 78
  • ---$1014 98
  • ----
  • Deficiency, $14 98

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FIRE DEPARTMENT.
  • Appropriation, $350 00
  • Paid Geo. L. Prescott, Chief Engineer, $400 62
  • ----
  • Deficiency, $50 62
  • Repair of Engine No. 1, under direction of Committee appointed for that purpose, $200 00

REPAIRS OF BRIDGES.
  • Appropriation, $700 00
  • Paid Geo. L. Prescott, lumber, $692 80
  • Jos. P. George, labor, stone and iron work, 189 28
  • J. M. Smith, painting and sanding, 22 43
  • ---$904 51
  • ----
  • Deficiency, 204 51

BEDFORD ROAD.
  • Unexpended balance last year, $29 24
  • Paid T. M. Balcom, for filling up and grading said road, 953 79
  • Geo. L. Prescott, lumber, 18 02
  • ---$971 81
  • ---- Deficiency, $942 57

TOWN LIBRARY.
  • Appropriation, $287 00
  • Paid E. R. Hoar, Chairman of Library Committee, 287 00

IMPROVEMENT OF PUBLIC GROUNDS.
  • Appropriation, $50 00
  • Unexpended balance last year, 9 43
  • ---$59 43
  • Paid Samuel Staples, Superintendent, $51 16
  • Unexpended balance, 8 27
  • ---$59 43

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SILENT POOR.
  • Unexpended balance, $32 15
  • Income from Donations, 253 83
  • " " fines under the statute prohibiting cattle from feeding in highway, 10 00
  • ---$295 98
  • Paid sundry persons as appears by Selectmen's book, $262 00
  • Unexpended balance, 33 93
  • ---$295 98
  • ----
  • State Tax, $535 00
  • ----
  • County Tax, $1566 33
  • ----

GENERAL EXPENSES.
  • Overlay on Taxes, $393 67
  • Commonwealth, Military Bounty, 345 00
  • Rent of Town Hall, 261 50
  • License of Menagerie, 10 00
  • ---$1010 17

EXPENSES OF TOWN HOUSE.
  • Paid G. L. Prescott, for coal, $119 54
  • John Garrison, for care of school rooms, 77 00
  • " " " hall and moving seats, 89 50
  • " " " library rooms, 10 00
  • E. Stowell "380026" Co.'s bills, 10 78
  • G. Chilson, for furnace grate, 5 69
  • Walcott "380026" Holden's bill for oil, "380026" c., 136 29
  • Repairs and painting, 22 31
  • Wood and charcoal, 9 00
  • J. Adams’ bill, 1 25
  • ---$481 36
  • Deduct amount charged Dist. No. 1, for fuel and care, 165 70
  • ----
  • Leaves expense of Hall and rooms, $315 66

REPAIRS ON SCHOOL HOUSES.
  • Paid Edwin Wheeler, repairs on Dist. No. 3, $3 75
  • Francis A. Wheeler, " " No. 3, 31 80
  • Wm. D Brown, " " No. 4, 6 27
  • E. W. Bull, " " No. 2, 16 79
  • J. B. Farmer, " " No. 5, 12 42
  • E. Stowell "380026" Co., " " No. 1, 8 03
  • " " " No. 2, 24 27

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  • Paid J. M. Smith, painting Dist. No. 5, 75 16
  • " " " " No. 2, 46 36
  • ---$222 85

MISCELLANEOUS.
  • Paid Alvan Pratt, keeping weights and measures, $10 00
  • Wm. D. Brown, services on School Committee, 1860, 17 75
  • Concord Artillery, bounty, 267 00
  • H. Newton, entertainment of town officers 66 75
  • Eben Wild, salary as Librarian, 50 00
  • " " moving books to new part, 10 00
  • Richard Barrett, services as Assessor, 125 00
  • Geo. Heywood, " " 75 00
  • J. B. Moore, " " 85 00
  • " " collecting tax, 1859, 133 56
  • " " posting warrants, 4 00
  • F. Stowell, repairing clocks, and care of town clock, "380026"c., 26 05
  • Geo. Heywood, services as clerk, 25 00
  • " " recording and returning marriages, births and deaths, 18 50
  • " " express and postage, 2 35
  • " " counting the vote at Lincoln, 2 00
  • Moses Hobson, work on alteration of High School, 51 44
  • H. H. Buttrick's bill alteration High School, 21 43
  • " " " on Library, 10 25
  • E. Stowell "380026" Co., on Library and School, 23 31
  • J. M. Smith, on Library, $13 20; part High School, $5 12, 18 32
  • Policemen at Cattle Show, 4 00
  • J. Brown, Jr., flannel for cartridges, 1 75
  • F. E. Bigelow, iron work for sidewalks, "380026"c., 2 73
  • S. G. Simpkins "380026" Co., books for Assessors, 7 00
  • R. Warner, use of room for the police at State encampment, 12 00
  • >H. C. Watts, work on armory and firing salutes, 9 76
  • Geo. Hosmer, flannel for cartridges in 1859, 5 26
  • C. B. Davis, " " " 2 36
  • Richard Barrett, powder, "380026"c., 18 20
  • Derby Bros., powder for salutes, 28 00
  • B. Tolman, printing town reports, warrants, "380026"c., 95 79
  • Jonas Melvin, returning 30 deaths, 1860, 3 00

  • 10

    • E. Stowell "380026" Co., stove, work in library committee room, 12 53
    • Wm. D. Brown, wood furnished at encampment, 1 42
    • G. E. Bigelow, damage to chaise from defect in the highway, 3 38
    • Horton, Hall "380026" Co., door springs, 92
    • H. A. Davis, State sealer weights and measures, for sealing same, 6 50
    • Wm. D. Brown, laying up wall in District No. 2, 1 00
    • Edwin Wheeler, services on School Committee, 1859, 9 00
    • E. W. Bull, services on School Com., 1859, 12 00
    • " " " 1860, 9 00
    • " expense to Roxbury in the matter of engine No. 1, 2 00
    • " cash paid Hunneman for examination of do., 4 00
    • Dr. J. Reynolds, services on School Committee, 1859, 15 75
    • L. W. Bean, services on School Committee, 1859, 8 25
    • J. B. Farmer, services on School Committee, 1859, 10 50
    • J. B. Farmer, services on School Committee, 1860, 13 50
    • Geo. L. Prescott, lumber for Armory, 1 63
    • " " " turnpike, 7 49
    • E. Stowell "380026" Co., on library room, 4 50
    • H. D. Thoreau, surveying on turnpike, 1 00
    • Jesse C. Richardson, stone work and filling up road near his house, 13 00
    • J. M. Smith, glazing at Armory, 2 36
    • " " repairs on hearse and painting sign boards, 8 25
    • ----
    • $1,439 13
    • Deficiency, $969 47

    5.

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    Tabular Statement of Receipts and Expenditures

    FROM MARCH 5TH, 1860, TO MARCH 4TH, 1861.

    ----

    RECEIPTS.
    • Unexpended balance as per Treasurer's Report March 5th, 1860, $4908 21
    • Appropriations for various objects, 10,962 00
    • Receipts from other sources, 1093 19
    • ----
    • $16,963 40
    • ----

    EXPENDITURES.

    • Support of Schools, $3483 59
    • Town House Debt and Interest, 1780 00
    • " " " " for 1859, 1000 00
    • Repairs of Highways, 1014 98
    • Support of Poor, 1000 00
    • Fire Department, 400 62
    • " " for repairs on Engine No. 1, 200 00
    • Repairs Bedford Road, 971 81
    • Town Library, 287 00
    • Improvement of Public Grounds, 51 16
    • General Expenses, 1979 64
    • County Tax, 1859, 1475 97
    • " " 1860, in part, 566 33
    • State Tax, 1860, 535 00
    • Repairs of Bridges, 904 51
    • ---$15,650 61
    • ----
    • Unexpended balance, $1312 79

    6.

    (12)

    Ninth Annual Report of the Town Library Committee.

    ----

    The Library Committee present their report for the year ending on the first Monday in March, 1861.

    The amount of money received by them is as follows:
    • The balance of last year's account, $113 91
    • The town's appropriation for 1860, 287 00
    • Fines collected by the Librarian in 1860, 5 23
    • ---$406 14

    The amount expended has been:
    • For 331 volumes purchased, $348 27
    • For binding and covering books, and stationery, 6 93
    • Leaving a balance unexpended, of 50 92
    • ---$406 14

    The whole number of books now belonging to the Library is 3,015. The number added during the past year has been, by purchase, 331 ; by donation, 12. No book has been lost during the year, and all but six volumes were in the Library room at the time of the annual examination.

    The number of ratable polls in Concord in the year 1860 was 560 ; and the appropriation for the maintenance and increase of the Library which the town is allowed by law, and required by contract to make this year, is $280.

    More books have been added to the Library during this year than in any previous year ; and on an average they have been books of greater value, and better bound. The use made of the Library by the people of the town has also increased from last year.

    The alteration in the Library, by extending the room so as to include within it a part of what had been the schoolroom of the Intermediate school, which was suggested in our last report, and authorized by the vote of the town, has been accomplished during the winter ; and the town has now a convenient and handsome room, capable of containing eight or ten thousand volumes, and sufficient for the probable increase of the Library for the next fifteen or twenty years.

    E. R. HOAR,
    SIMON BROWN, Library
    R. WALDO EMERSON,
    GEO. HEYWOOD, Committee.
    GRINDALL REYNOLDS,
    CONCORD, March 4, 1861.

    7.

    (13)

    REPORT OF THE Superintendent of Public Grounds.

    ----

    The appropriation for the last year not being as large as usual, no new improvements of any moment have been made upon the Public Grounds, and little else has been done that to re-set trees in place of those that have died or been destroyed, and to keep the grounds in good condition. A row of trees however was set in front of the house of Cyrus Stow, and the Superintendent regrets to state, that through a spirit of vandalism which would better become savages than any residents of Concord, most of these trees were broken down and destroyed (as is believed,) by some rowdy good-for-nothing youths who seem to take delight in such acts of wanton malice, and who, if a speedy change is not made in their conduct of life, will soon come under the more immediate supervision of the subscriber, and have their abode in a place that will insure the safety of trees, gates, signs, "380026"c., from their raids, and be an example to all youths who take pleasure in such senseless pastime.

    The Superintendent recommends that the sum of seventy-five dollars be appropriated for the Public Grounds or the ensuing year.

    The following has been expanded during the last year, to wit:--
    • Paid Anthony Wright, labor, $19 69
    • . Craig and Patrick McManus, 5 12
    • For trees, 21 00
    • " 36 posts, boards and nails, 4 05
    • " expense of journey to Newton, "380026"c., for trees, 4 50
    • ---$54 36

    Respectfully submitted.

    SAMUEL STAPLES, Superintendent.

    CONCORD, March 4, 1861.


    8.

    (14)

    Report of the Cemetery Committee.

    ----

    The Cemetery Committee report that during the past season they have employed the Superintendent principally in the general care of the grounds, without undertaking any particular new work. The reason of this was the want of any appropriation from the town to authorize the expenditure necessary, and the need of employing the Superintendent in improving the lots of those who desired this done. The result has been to leave quite a balance on hand for the coming season's work, and there are several things much wanted that can been accomplished with this amount. The making a new avenue, and thus laying out more lots for which there is quite a demand, will be the first of these, and a well of good water, and a thorough coating of the walks and roads with gravel will follow soon.

    The Committee renew their recommendation to the ladies of the town to get up in some way a donation to the improvement of the ground ; and to the citizens generally, who have not already done so, to each plant a tree therein, on the nineteenth of April, the town's anniversary.

    The number of lots sold the past year is ten, for the sum of $137,00, the whole number since the laying out of the Cemetery, one hundred and six, for the sum of $2002,00. The number of interments the past year has been sixteen ; previously one hundred and ten.

    The receipts and expenses have been as follows:
    • Balance unexpended last year, $19 79
    • For deeds of lots sold, 159 00
    • For labor of Superintendent on lots, "380026"c., 174 67
    • ---$353 46
    • Paid J. Wood, Supt., for 8 months labor, $220 50
    • For day's work in the winter, 38 62
    • For rent of tenement 9 months, 30 00
    • Jonas Melvin's bill for team, "380026"c., 18 00
    • Printing, scythe, express, pickets, "380026"c., 6 75
    • ---$313 87
    • ----
    • Unexpended balance, $39 59

    This, with the amount still due for lots and work on them, will more than pay all outstanding bills.

    For the Committee.

    J. S. KEYES, Chairman. CONCORD, March 4, 1861.


    9.

    (15)

    Eleventh Annual Report of the Fire Department.

    ----

    Herewith is submitted to the town a list of the officers of the Fire Department for the year 1860-61, together with a statement of the condition of the property belonging to the town. There have been eight alarms since the last report, three of which have been from fires in the woods, and one from a fire in Wayland. The services of the engines have been required but four times, viz.: at the burning of a barn belonging to Ebenezer Conant ; at the burning of C. B. Davis' barn ; at the burning of John Emerson's house ; and at the slight burning of Mrs. Hoar's house.

    Table 2. The Department is organized as follows:

    G. L. PRESCOTT, Chief Engineer ;
    SAMUEL LEES,
    J. W. WALCOTT, Assistant
    RICHARD BARRETT, Engineers.

    FRANCIS STOWELL, Foreman ;
    Fountain, J. G. DEAN, Assistant Foreman ;
    No. 1. C. BOWERS, Clerk.
    Thirty members.

    SAMUEL LEES, Foreman ;
    Factory Boy, W. D. BROWN, Assistant Foreman and Clerk ;
    No. 2. Twenty-five men.

    JONAS MELVIN, Foreman ;
    Independence, CHAS. E. SNELL, Assistant Foreman ;
    No. 3. J. F. WINCH, Clerk.
    Forty-five members.

    Engine Company No. 1 is in good order ; has 300 feet leading hose and 32 feet suction. It has been thoroughly repaired and painted the past year, at an expense to the town of $211 47, to pay which there was an appropriation of $200 00, leaving a deficiency of $11 47.

    No. 2 is in good order ; has 24 feet suction hose ; but the leading hose is very poor, and an appropriation of two hundred dollars is recommended to purchase new hose for this engine.

    No. 3 is in good order ; has 825 feet leading hose, and 34 feet suction hose. The expense for the past year have been as follows:

    • No. 1--Repairing engine, $164 50
    • J. M. Smith, painting, 45 00

    16

    • No. 1--Freight to Boston and back, 1 97
    • Paid H. C. Watts, 3 13
    • One half cord wood, 1 63
    • Fluid, "380026"c., 3 85
    • Sawing wood and piling, 50
    • Shoveling snow, "380026"c., 38
    • Fluid and can, 39
    • Match safe, "380026"c., 32
    • C. S. Adkins, care of engine, 6 50
    • Sponge and towel, 35
    • Oil, 1 60
    • Repairing pump, 1 50
    • E. Hall's bill, 50
    • ---$232 12
    • No. 2--Paid T. Skinner, $2 50
    • E. Hosmer for oil, 3 25
    • Alcohol, 1 60
    • ---$7 35
    • No. 3--Paid T. Skinner's bill, $12 00
    • Tank for washing hose, 10 63
    • Paid F. Buttrick and express, sash, "380026"c., 2 75
    • " C. E. Snell's bill, 17 25
    • " L. Fay, pump and setting, 5 00
    • Pick for engine, 1 00
    • Setting glass, sweet oil, "380026"c., 2 28
    • E. Stowell "380026" Co.'s bill, 8 53
    • G. W. Todd, horses, 21 00
    • Oiling harness, 3 00
    • E. Hosmer, for oil, 2 12
    • E. Hall's bill, 3 88
    • Alcohol, 1 17
    • 7 1-2 feet pine wood, 3 05
    • ---$93 66
    • Summary, General Expenses, $3 75
    • Expense of No. 1, including repairs, 232 12
    • " " 2, 7 35
    • " " 3, 93 66
    • Pay of Engine Company No. 1, 96 50
    • " " " No. 3, 137 25
    • Chief Engineer's salary, 30 00
    • ---$600 63
    • Special appropriation for repairs on No. 1, 200 00
    • ----
    • Leaving the balance for general expenses of Fire Department, $400 63

    GEORGE L. PRESCOTT, Chief Engineer.

    CONCORD, March 26, 1861.


    10.

    (17)

    Report of the Overseers of the Poor.

    ----

    RECEIPTS.
    • Received of Town Treasurer, $1000 00

    ----

    EXPENDITURES AWAY FROM FARM.
    • Paid G. H. Gilson, support of Mrs. Bailey, $25 00
    • Mrs. Heywood, support of three children, 96 00
    • City of Lowell, " " Mrs. How and three children, 66 00
    • Walcott "380026" Holden, groceries for J. Goodwin, 2 66
    • " " " " Mrs. Gorman, 1 64
    • B. Hastings, " " J. Goodwin, 1 58
    • Dr. Bartlett, professional services, 10 00
    • Dr. Reynolds, " " 7 50
    • J. Melvin, burial of J. Hutchinson's daughter, 3 75
    • J. Adams, coffin for " " 4 50
    • J. P. Brown, journey and expenses to Lynn, 3 50
    • " " " " " Cambridge, 3 00
    • " " " " " Boston, 3 45
    • " " " " " Tewksbury, 3 50
    • J. Reynolds, " " " Groton, 3 50
    • " " " " Lowell and Lawrence, 4 54
    • Derby Brothers, groceries for Mrs. Gorman, 15 39
    • " " " " Wm. Haynes, 2 00
    • J. Heywood, support of Haynes boy, 8 00
    • Abel Farrar, boarding N. Hosmer, 1 50
    • A. Tuttle, boarding and nursing B. Welch, 10 00
    • Reynolds "380026" Derby, meat for Mrs. Gorman, 4 12
    • City of Cambridge, support Mrs. Batchelder, 31 11
    • Postage, stationery, "380026"c., 1 37
    • Aid rendered sundry persons, 22 15
    • ---$335 76

    ----

    EXPENSES AT THE FARM.
    • Paid J. Dakin, balance due as per agreement, $82 83
    • " for bed pan, 1 50

    3


    18

    • Paid Walcott "380026" Holden, furniture and crockery, 6 92
    • J. Brown, Jr., cotton cloth, 6 91
    • E. Stowell "380026" Co., stoves, funnel, "380026" c., 24 73
    • C. Benjamin, for work as per bill, 12 00
    • H. Buttrick, " " " 3 62
    • C. E. Snell, " " " 14 00
    • M. Hobson, for work, lumber, "380026" c., 41 75
    • Derby Brothers, paper, nails, "380026" c., 3 23
    • B. F. Nealy, repairing wagon, 1 75
    • W. Fay, salary in part, 465 00
    • ---$664 24
    • ----
    • $1000 00
    • There will be due W. Fay. April 1st., 185 00
    • Also, J. Reynolds, services, 10 00
    • ----
    • $1195 00
    • From which deduct balance paid J. Dakin, 82 83
    • ----
    • We have cost of supporting poor, 1112 17

    The expenses away from the farm, together with repairs on the house, having considerably exceeded the appropriation, it will therefore be necessary to raise money enough to pay the deficiency, over and above the ordinary expense, which we think will not be less than last year, as some part of the buildings will need shingling ; we would therefore recommend to raise twelve hundred dollars for deficiency and ordinary expenses.

    Amount of personal property as estimated by the Overseers of Poor Farm at present time, including stock, hay, grain, and all eatables, is
    • $514 35
    • Farming implements, tools, "380026"c, 75 00
    • ---$589 35

    Respectfully submitted.

    J. REYNOLDS, Overseers
    MOSES HOBSON, of
    JAMES P. BROWN, the Poor.

    CONCORD, March 4, 1861.


    11.

    (19)

    Marriages, Births and Deaths in Concord, in 1860.

    ----

    The following statement exhibits every material fact in regard to the Marriages, Births and Deaths which have occurred in the town, and have been registered during the year 1860.

    MARRIAGES.--Whole number, 16. Of the parties, 22 were inhabitants of Concord, and 10 of other places ; 10 were born in Concord, 12 in other towns in Massachusetts, and 10 in other places. Of the males, 14 were first marriages, 1 a second and 1 a third marriage. Of the females, all were first marriages. As compared with the marriages in 1859, there were 3 less.

    BIRTHS.--Whole number, 43, being 5 less than in 1859. Males, 28 ; females, 15. Of these only 14 were born of Irish parents, being less than one-third of the whole. Last year one-half were of Irish parents, so that America will have cause to be hopeful.

    DEATHS.--Whole number, 38. Males, 18; females, 20. Of the males, 6 were married, 10 unmarried, and 2 were widowed. Of the females, 8 were married, 10 unmarried, and 2 were widows.

    Of these persons, 23 were born in Concord, 7 in other towns in the State, and 8 in other places.

    Of the males over 15 years of age, 4 were farmers, 3 laborers, 1 carpenter, and 1 gentlemen.

    Deaths between 90 and 100 years of age--males, 1--females, 0
    " " 80 " 90 " " " 1 " 2
    " " 70 " 80 " " " 2 " 1
    " " 60 " 70 " " " 3 " 1
    " " 50 " 60 " " " 2 " 2
    " " 40 " 50 " " " 1 " 0
    " " 30 " 40 " " " 0 " 3
    " " 20 " 30 " " " 0 " 1
    " " 10 " 20 " " " 0 " 1
    " " 5 " 10 " " " 0 " 1
    " " 1 " 5 " " " 1 " 3
    " under 1 year " " " 8 " 4
    Average length of life, 33 3-4 years.

    Deaths by Cholera Infantum, 7 Deaths by Dropsy, 2
    " " Apoplexy, 8 " " Lung Fever, 1
    " " Consumption, 4 " " Scarlet Fever, 1
    " " Cancer, 2 " " Measels, 1
    " " Infantile, 4 " " Whooping Cough,1
    " " Diarrhea, 2 " " Typhoid Fever, 1
    " " Dysentery, 1 " " Old Age, 1
    " " Softening of Brain,1 " " Suicide, 1

    20

    Table 9. The names and ages of the persons who died in 1860, are as follows, viz:--

    George Atcheson, 1 y. 1 m. 8 d. Edward Lamson Kent, 3 m.
    Nehemiah Ball, 69 y. 2 m. 11 d. David Murphy, 3 m.
    Martha Tilden Bartlett, 61 y. Catherine Murray, 2 y. 3 m.
    Ruth J. Clark, 75 y. Mary Newcomb, 81 y. 2 m.
    Julia Collins, 1 y. 9 m. 16 d. Thomas Nolan, 1 d.
    Mary Collins, 8 m. 16 d. Theodore Parker Pratt, died in
    Ephraim Dakin, 86 y. 1 m. 24 d. 1859, 16 y. 8 m. 18 d.
    Mary B. Dakin, 55 y. Jane T. Prichard, 69 y. 8 m. 27 d.
    James W. Dean, 2 m. 6 d. Lucia Simmons, 5 y. 5 m. 24 d.
    Margaret Fahan, 32 y. Edward Hurd Skinner, 10 m. 2 d.
    Roxanna Flint, 55 y. Martha W. Smith, 32 y.
    John Garrison, 91 y. Elizabeth A. Starkey, 35 y. 2 m.1d
    Mary Gleason, 9 m. 6 d. (not named,) Starkey, 1 d.
    Annie W. Goodnow, 4 y. Evangeline Surette, 3 m. 13 d.
    John M. Goodwin, 58 y. (not named,) Waldron, 4 d.
    Charles Gordon, 76 y. 9 m. Isaac Watts, 61 y.
    Milly Holden, 86 y. Susan P. Weston, 27 y. 7 m.
    Tilly Holden, 76 y. Frank Wetherbee, 2 m.
    Rufus Hosmer, 51 y. Charles Wheeler, 49 y. 4 m. 15 d.
    Sarah L. Hutchinson, 18 y.

    The deaths in 1860, were, according to the United States census for that year, as 1 to every 59 1-5.

    GEO. HEYWOOD, Town Clerk.

    CONCORD, Jan. 1, 1861.